Jim Spohrer, Ph.D., is Director, Cognitive OpenTech at IBM. Cognitive open technologies include open source intelligence augmentation (IA), artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), and deep learning (DL). IBM Director, Global University Programs and Lead of Cognitive Systems Institute (2009 - 2016). Jim has been pioneering the development of a new field known as service science (Service Science Management Engineering Design Arts Public Policy).
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